Frequently Asked Questions:

We aim to create a resource of frequently asked questions in order to assist all on line customers outside of office hours.

If the answers you require aren’t listed here please contact us or enter your question on the form below. We’ll answer you promptly and add your question/answer to the list.

Thank you for collaborating on this important topic.

General Questions

Once you are registered and accredited with LPA, you can order LPA NVDs online at any time via the LPA Service Centre. Both hard copy forms and electronic LPA NVDs (eDECs) are available. You can also order LPA NVDs by calling 1800 683 111 (9am – 5pm Monday-Friday, AEST).

Each LPA NVD booklet contains 20 LPA NVDs and costs $40.00 (GST inclusive). This price includes all postage and handling.

Cheaper and faster than hard copy LPA NVDS, eDECs can be accessed immediately and offer cost savings of 48%. Each eDEC costs $0.95, and can be purchased in bundles of 5, 10, 20, 50 or 100.

The eNVD will replace the eDEC system in the future, but at this stage a date for the phase out of the eDEC has not been determined. Producers will be encouraged to transition to the eNVD system once their eDECs are used.

You can find further information on LPA National Vendor Declarations HERE

For the latest estimated lead times for tag manufacturers please CLICK HERE

For details of Year Colours and Year Letters please CLICK HERE

To find out what cattle tag applicator you have please CLICK HERE

For more detailed information with regards to RFID (EID) Readers (Scanners) and Applications, visit our dedicated downloads section. please CLICK HERE

To see our latest offers on specific products and groupings please CLICK HERE

To see our latest news items please CLICK HERE

GPS Cattle Tags (LoRaWAN Networks)

IOT refers to sensors/monitoring devices (things) which are connected to the internet via a cloud-based network server.

The server allows the data/information from the “things” to be used and interpreted by applications and third-party software.

Importantly, information is sent in small, low power packets, allowing devices to be powered by small batteries and solar panels.

You will set up your own LoRaWAN network using a gateway (box) with an antenna connected. Each gateway is powered by mains or a battery re-charged using a solar panel. Each gateway is connected to the internet (cloud) by either a landline, 4G or Satellite depending upon the subscription and coverage availability.

Within the network range, your eartags (and other IoT devices) registered to you will be monitored. Devices registered to your neighbour which are picked up by your network will not be visible to you. Likewise your animals showing in your neighbours network will not be visible to them.

Power consumption of the tag/device is proportional to the time/frequency devices spend listening.

Long Range Wide Area Network ( LoRaWAN ) is a low-power wireless network protocol. The LoRaWAN specification is set by the LoRa Alliance, is freely available and utilizes Semtech Corporation’s proprietary Chirp Spread Spectrum Modulation technique “LoRa”.

It is asymmetrically aligned with the energy efficiency of the IoT devices and achieves high ranges (> 10 km ) for the uplink communication, ie the transmission from the IoT device to the network. The data transfer rate ranges between 292 bps and 50 kilobits per second. Different operating levels down to a quasi-continuous downlink Communication is possible, the latter at the expense of energy efficiency.

The network architecture is star-shaped. Terminals communicate with gateways that send the data packets to a network server. The network server has interfaces to connect to IoT platforms and applications.

LoRaWAN uses regionally different frequency ranges in the ISM band and SRD band. Among other things, in Europe these are the frequency band from 433.05 to 434.79 MHz (ISM Band Region 1) and the frequency band from 863 to 870 MHz ( SRD Band Europe). In North America, on the other hand, the frequency band from 902 to 928 MHz (ISM band region 2) has been released for data transmission.

The ranges extend from 2 km (urban area) over 15 km (suburbs) to 40 km (rural areas). Another great advantage is the penetration of buildings, as it can also be supplied to a certain extent underground premises.

The power consumption of terminals is around 10 mA and 100 nA in sleep mode. This allows a battery life of 2 to 15 years, depending on the application. The communication between the terminals and the gateways takes place on different frequency channels with different data rates. These are between 0.3 kbit / s and 50 kbit / s.

In order to achieve high efficiency in data transfer and energy consumption, LoRaWAN uses frequency spread. Interference can be avoided as much as possible. The data transfer rates to the terminals are adapted by the network server to the respective situation (ADR = adaptive data rate).

The communication in the LoRaWAN is encrypted in duplicate with 128 bit AES, on the one hand to the network server and on the other to the application server.

There are a number of factors effecting coverage such as size/spec of the gateway, length of antenna, elevation (height at which it’s installed) and topography (presence of hills). These factors control RSSI (Signal Strength) and SNR (Signal to Noise Ratio).

Assuming a standard installation located at single story roof height, typical coverage would be 10km. A 10km signal radius from each gateway means a coverage area of approximately 310 sq km or 77,000 acres. Three gateways installed would therefore provide both trilateration location using less power than GPS and cover area in excess of 200,000 acres.

Considering the factors that effect range of reading (including power of the tag or device), the longer the distance (link), the higher the antenna needs to be due to the earths curvature. See image explaining the Fresnel Zone.

Tree tops can deflect and absorb some of the signal. The theory is that the height of the tallest object in the path of the signal should be added to the Fresnel Zone and earth curvature clearance heights. It is important to check the height of the trees, hills, buildings or any object on the link path and add this to the measurement for the total of the tower height. There are three main categories of LOS, the first being full LOS where no obstacles reside between the two antennas. Non Line of Sight (NLOS) where full obstructions exist between the two antennas. See image explaining Line of sight.

For optimal network coverage two or more antenna/gateways are recommended and coverage blackspots can be filled using smaller specific gateway/antenna set-ups.

GPS satellites fly in medium Earth orbit (MEO) at an altitude of approximately 20,200 km (12,550 miles). Each satellite circles the Earth twice a day.

Tags connect to the GPS satellite obtaining and storing their location co-ordinates at a particular time. Similarly other information such as temperature can be captured.

Periodically connecting to the LoRaWAN network, the information stored (co-ordinates etc) is transmitted to the gateway and onward to the cloud network server for interpretation by visualisation dashboards and apps.

Queensland

For Queensland NLIS Declaration Statement Form CLICK HERE

    This is a form to be completed and uploaded with your order allowing 4tags to submit an “application to purchase NLIS devices” form on your behalf

For Queensland Land owner request for access or removal to industry systems (NLIS, LPA NVD) Form CLICK HERE

    This is a form to be completed and uploaded with your order when you are not the land owner where the animals are kept and you:

  • require access to industry systems (NLIS, LPA NVD), or
  • no longer require access to industry systems (NLIS, LPA NVD)

For Regional DAF offices please refer to the DAF QLD WEBSITE

Ordering NLIS devices in Queensland from 1 October 2019

  • Please be advised that NLIS device orders cannot be processed unless the producer has a current biosecurity entity registration. From 1 October 2019 requests for NLIS devices will be denied unless registration is current. Please ensure you have a current biosecurity entity registration before submitting an order.
  • Biosecurity entity registration is separate to the industry system of LPA. Detailed information about who must be registered is available at QLD GOV WEBSITE
  • Biosecurity Queensland have emailed all registered entities with expired registrations providing instructions on how to renew registration. If you as a producer have an online account, you can renew your registration on the Biosecurity Entity Registration Portal. If you don’t have an online account, to get access call the DAF Customer Service Centre on 13 25 23.
    Assistance is also available at Regional Offices
  • Once you have access to your online account you can generate your own NLIS device order form online and supply to 4Tags with your order for approved NLIS devices. As producers with an online account have already verified their details, the NLIS order form you can access using your online account is pre-authorised. This means you no longer need to seek separate authorisation from a biosecurity officer before submitting your order to 4Tags. This speeds up the NLIS tag ordering process for Qld producers.

Up to date biosecurity entity registration information is a critical part of Queensland’s robust biosecurity system. Biosecurity entity registration allows DAF to better prepare for biosecurity emergencies, respond to biosecurity risks and trace the origin and spread of a pest or disease. This makes it easier to, for example, contact cattle producers if there’s a biosecurity event that could affect their industry.

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

NLIS Cattle in Queensland

  • To order an approved device or tag you must first obtain an ‘Application for Permanent NLIS Device’ signed by an inspector
  • This application is available from the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries (DAF) offices where inspectors are located.
  • For Regional DAF offices please refer to the DAF QLD WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

NLIS Sheep in Queensland

  • To order an approved device or tag you must first obtain an ‘Application for Permanent NLIS Device’ signed by an inspector.
  • This application is available from the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries (DAF) offices where inspectors are located.
  • For Regional DAF offices please refer to the DAF QLD WEBSITE

NLIS Goats in Queensland

  • • All farmed goats must be identified with an approved NLIS device before travelling to a goat depot.
  • For further information please refer to the BZ QLD WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

NLIS Pigs in Queensland

  • State and territory governments will legislate for NLIS Pigs to commence from 1 February 2018, however there are already some aspects of pig traceability that are mandatory, such as the need for a PIC and the use of slap brand tattoos.
  • The current mandatory requirements are:
  • All properties running pigs require a PIC.
  • All pigs must be identified with a tattoo or (from 1 February 2018) an NLIS approved tag before leaving the property.
  • A PigPass NVD or other movement document is required for all movements of pigs off a property.
  • All pig movements must be reported to the PigPass database within 48 hours of the arrival at a new PIC.
  • Tags can be purchased directly from your re-seller. For more information please refer to the For more information please refer to the BZ QLD WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

New South Wales & ACT

For Department of Primary Industries NSW information please refer to the NSW DPI WEBSITE

NLIS Cattle in New South Wales

  • Cattle are identified with approved NLIS ear devices, or rumen boluses and a matching ear tag.
  • All movements of cattle to sale, slaughter or to any other property are recorded in the NLIS database.
  • Tags can be purchased directly from your re-seller. For more information please refer to the NSW DPI WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

NLIS Sheep & Goats in New South Wales

  • NLIS (Sheep and Goats) uses a combination of visually readable ear tags printed with a Property Identification Code (PIC), an NLIS movement document which accompanies every mob of sheep or goats when they move, and the recording of all movements of sheep and goats in the NLIS database, to provide traceability.
  • Tags can be purchased directly from your re-seller. For more information please refer to the NSW DPI WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

NLIS Pigs in NSW

  • State and territory governments will legislate for NLIS Pigs to commence from 1 February 2018, however there are already some aspects of pig traceability that are mandatory, such as the need for a PIC and the use of slap brand tattoos.
  • The current mandatory requirements are:
  • All properties running pigs require a PIC.
  • All pigs must be identified with a tattoo or (from 1 February 2018) an NLIS approved tag before leaving the property.
  • A PigPass NVD or other movement document is required for all movements of pigs off a property.
  • All pig movements must be reported to the PigPass database within 48 hours of the arrival at a new PIC.
  • Tags can be purchased directly from your re-seller. For more information please refer to the For more information please refer to the NSW DPI WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

Victoria

For detailed information relating to Agri Victoria requirements please refer to the AGRI VICTORIA WEBSITE

NLIS Cattle in Victoria

  • Procurement of NLID devices is managed via the Victorian Government.
  • Orders can be placed via 4tags.com
  • For more information please refer to the AGRI VIC WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

NLIS Sheep & Goats in Victoria

  • Procurement of NLID devices is managed via the Victorian Government.
  • Orders can be placed via 4tags.com
  • For more information please refer to the AGRI VIC WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

NLIS Pigs in Victoria

  • State and territory governments will legislate for NLIS Pigs to commence from 1 February 2018, however there are already some aspects of pig traceability that are mandatory, such as the need for a PIC and the use of slap brand tattoos.
  • The current mandatory requirements are:
  • All properties running pigs require a PIC.
  • All pigs must be identified with a tattoo or (from 1 February 2018) an NLIS approved tag before leaving the property.
  • A PigPass NVD or other movement document is required for all movements of pigs off a property.
  • All pig movements must be reported to the PigPass database within 48 hours of the arrival at a new PIC.
  • Tags can be purchased directly from your re-seller. For more information please refer to the For more information please refer to the AGRI VIC WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

Western Australia

For more detailed information please refer to the DPI WA WEBSITE

NLIS Cattle in Western Australia

    • Cattle are identified with approved NLIS ear devices, or rumen boluses and a matching ear tag.
    • All movements of cattle to sale, slaughter or to any other property are recorded in the NLIS database.
    • Tags can be purchased directly from your re-seller. For more information please refer to the AGRIC WA WEBSITE

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For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

NLIS Sheep & Goats in Western Australia

      • NLIS (Sheep and Goats) uses a combination of visually readable ear tags printed with a Property Identification Code (PIC), an NLIS movement document which accompanies every mob of sheep or goats when they move, and the recording of all movements of sheep and goats in the NLIS database, to provide traceability.
      • Tags can be purchased directly from your re-seller. For more information please refer to the AGRIC WA WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

NLIS Pigs in Western Australia

    • State and territory governments will legislate for NLIS Pigs to commence from 1 February 2018, however there are already some aspects of pig traceability that are mandatory, such as the need for a PIC and the use of slap brand tattoos.
    • The current mandatory requirements are:
    • All properties running pigs require a PIC.
    • All pigs must be identified with a tattoo or (from 1 February 2018) an NLIS approved tag before leaving the property.
    • A PigPass NVD or other movement document is required for all movements of pigs off a property.
    • All pig movements must be reported to the PigPass database within 48 hours of the arrival at a new PIC.
  • Tags can be purchased directly from your re-seller. For more information please refer to the For more information please refer to the AGRIC WA WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

South Australia

For more detailed information please refer to the DPI SA WEBSITE

NLIS Cattle in South Australia

  • Cattle owners who purchase electronic National Livestock Identification System (NLIS) tags must pay $1.50 to the Cattle Industry Fund.
  • Authorised tag suppliers collect and forward the money on behalf of the cattle owner.
  • For more detail on the Cattle Industry Fund please refer to the PIR SA WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

NLIS Sheep & Goats in South Australia

  • All sheep and goats must be identified with a visually readable NLIS device before being moved to any property or location with a different PIC.
  • For further information please refer to the PIR SA WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

NLIS Pigs in South Australia

  • State and territory governments will legislate for NLIS Pigs to commence from 1 February 2018, however there are already some aspects of pig traceability that are mandatory, such as the need for a PIC and the use of slap brand tattoos.
  • The current mandatory requirements are:
  • All properties running pigs require a PIC.
  • All pigs must be identified with a tattoo or (from 1 February 2018) an NLIS approved tag before leaving the property.
  • A PigPass NVD or other movement document is required for all movements of pigs off a property.
  • All pig movements must be reported to the PigPass database within 48 hours of the arrival at a new PIC.
  • Tags can be purchased directly from your re-seller. For more information please refer to the For more information please refer to the PIR SA WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

Tasmania

For more detailed information please refer to the TAS DPIPWE WEBSITE

NLIS Cattle in Tasmania

  • All cattle leaving a property must be NLIS identified.*
  • Tasmanian producers must provide their issued Part ID when placing a NLIS order
  • Completing DPIPWE’s NLIS Registration Form allows you to order NLIS tags in Tasmania. For more information please refer to the TAS PRAS WEBSITE
  • * Bobby calves consigned for slaughter are exempt from the System and can continue to use the bobby calf ear tags.

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

NLIS Sheep & Goats in Tasmania

  • Tasmanian producers must provide their issued Part ID when placing a NLIS order.
  • All sheep and goats must be identified with an NLIS Sheep Breeder Tag before being dispatched to a sale yard or to another property.
  • Completing DPIPWE’s NLIS Registration Form allows you to order NLIS tags in Tasmania. For more information please refer to the TAS PRAS WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

NLIS Pigs in Tasmania

  • State and territory governments will legislate for NLIS Pigs to commence from 1 February 2018, however there are already some aspects of pig traceability that are mandatory, such as the need for a PIC and the use of slap brand tattoos.
  • The current mandatory requirements are:
  • All properties running pigs require a PIC.
  • All pigs must be identified with a tattoo or (from 1 February 2018) an NLIS approved tag before leaving the property.
  • A PigPass NVD or other movement document is required for all movements of pigs off a property.
  • All pig movements must be reported to the PigPass database within 48 hours of the arrival at a new PIC.
  • Tags can be purchased directly from your re-seller. For more information please refer to the For more information please refer to the TAS PRAS WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

Northern Territory

For more detailed information please refer to the NT BIO SECURITY WEBSITE

NLIS Cattle in the Northern Territory

  • In the Northern Territory (NT) all cattle, buffalo, sheep and goats must have an approved NLIS device attached to their right ear before they are moved off a property regardless of where they are going.
  • An appropriate order form should be completed and provided with your order.
  • For more information and access to forms please refer to the NT GOV DOCS
  • For additional NT information please refer to the NT GOV NLIS WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

NLIS Sheep in Queensland

  • To order an approved device or tag you must first obtain an ‘Application for Permanent NLIS Device’ signed by an inspector.
  • This application is available from the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries (DAF) offices where inspectors are located.
  • For Regional DAF offices please refer to the DAF QLD WEBSITE

NLIS Goats in Queensland

  • • All farmed goats must be identified with an approved NLIS device before travelling to a goat depot.
  • For further information please refer to the BZ QLD WEBSITE

NLIS Sheep & Goats in NT

  • Sheep are prohibited animals in the NT due to the presence of blue tongue virus in the Top End and its potential impact on the livestock industry. You must get written permission from the chief inspector of livestock, and meet all other requirements if you want to bring sheep into the NT.
  • You must fill in an NT waybill if you want to move goats off the property where they are kept in the NT. Please refer to the NT GOV WEBSITE
  • For detailed information relating sheep & goats in NT please refer to the NT GOV WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

NLIS Pigs in NT

  • There are no commercial pig farms in the Northern Territory (NT) but there are a number of hobby producers.
  • ou can find out more about raising and keeping pigs by reading the Agnotes on the NT GOV WEBSITE

For more detailed information please refer to our State Specific page Click Here

Still Have Any Questions?

We’re committed to providing the best Customer Service possible! You can contact any one of our dedicated team Monday to Friday from 7 a.m to 6 p.m AEST. Call 1300 813 500

Outside of our normal office hours, we offer 24hr 7 days support. Simply text “4tags” to 0432 369 092 and we’ll contact you straight away.

You can also Email Us or Fax 07 3319 6919.